10 Best Reality Therapy Techniques, Worksheets, & Exercises (2022)

10 Best Reality Therapy Techniques, Worksheets, & Exercises (1)Reality Therapy holds clients responsible for their behavior rather than blaming their environment, parents, or culture (Wubbolding, 2017).

Unlike many other treatments, Reality Therapy claims that the various behavioral issues that bring clients to therapy are a product of the inability to fulfill their essential human needs (Glasser, 2010).

How they behave results from this failure despite the meaning and validity it has for them.

This article introduces some key concepts and goals for Reality Therapy, along with real-life examples, techniques, and worksheets for therapists to use with their clients.

Before you continue, we thought you might like to download our three Positive Psychology Exercises for free. These science-based exercises explore fundamental aspects of positive psychology, including strengths, values, and self-compassion, and will give you the tools to enhance the wellbeing of your clients, students, or employees.

This Article Contains:

  • Reality Therapy: Key Concepts and Goals
  • 3 Real-Life Examples and Cases
  • 8 Popular Techniques and Interventions
  • 3 Best Exercises and Activities to Try
  • 20+ Questions to Ask Your Clients
  • Become a Reality Therapist: Certifications
  • 3 Fascinating Books on the Topic
  • Possible Limitations of the Approach
  • Resources From PositivePsychology.com
  • A Take-Home Message
  • References

Reality Therapy: Key Concepts and Goals

As a psychiatric resident in the 1960s, William Glasser (2010) became disillusioned with classical psychoanalytic treatment and began experimenting with a very different approach, which he called Reality Therapy.

In Reality Therapy, “the helping person becomes both involved with and very real,” to the client, unlike conventional therapists, who are taught to remain objective and impersonal (Glasser, 2010, p. 6).

At that time, clinical psychology assumed a client’s neuroses arose out of unrealistically high moral standards. Glasser, on the other hand, argued that “human beings get into emotional binds, not because their standards are too high, but because their performance has been, and is, too low” (Glasser, 2010, p. 7).

One of Reality Therapy’s greatest strengths is that it can be used with any group, from war veterans to adolescents. Its aim remains the same: to create awareness of the following in the client (Glasser, 2010):

  • Responsibility
    A responsible person acts in a way that creates feelings of self-worth and worth to those around them.

When unsuccessful at fulfilling their own needs, clients deny the reality of the environment. They only become successful when they face that reality and fulfill their needs within that framework.

  • Right and wrong
    Being worthwhile requires clients to maintain a reasonable standard of behavior, correcting themselves when they behave poorly and crediting themselves when doing things right.

Glasser (2010) summarizes how Reality Therapy differs from conventional therapy with the following six points:

(Video) Therapy Interventions Cheat Sheet for Case Notes

  1. Reality Therapy does not accept the concept of mental illness; clients must take responsibility for their behavior.
  2. Working in the present and toward the future; the client is not limited by their past.
  3. Clients relate to therapists as themselves rather than as transference figures (the therapist should not relive the client’s past experiences with them).
  4. Unconscious motivations or reasons are not sought or accepted as a reason for poor behavior.
  5. Facing up to the morality of behavior – right and wrong – to solidify the client’s involvement.
  6. Clients are taught more effective ways to meet their needs.

The goal of Reality Therapy is not simply to help clients face reality; they must also learn to fulfill their needs (Glasser, 2010).

Indeed, the American Psychological Association (n.d.) defines it as “the development of the ability to cope with the stresses of reality and take greater responsibility for the fulfillment of his or her needs.”

3 Real-Life Examples and Cases

10 Best Reality Therapy Techniques, Worksheets, & Exercises (2)The following two real-life examples are taken from Glasser’s (2010) own casebook and provide valuable insight into different aspects of Reality Therapy.

  • Aaron was an aggressive and unhappy 11-year-old son of an emotionally detached, intellectual, divorced woman.

Despite previous therapy, no one had ever put either value judgment or limits on his destructive behavior. Glasser (2010) had no breakthrough with his troubled client until he began to emphasize Aaron’s reality and his present conduct, explaining that the way he acted was intolerable and would no longer be accepted. He told Aaron he was going to have to change.

Criticizing Aaron for his old weaknesses while praising him when he behaved well led to a strengthened therapeutic alliance, resulting in more positive behavior, improvements in his relationship with his mother, and him ultimately being discharged from therapy.

  • Pat was a financially secure, married mother of two who felt something was missing in her life. Despite expecting to talk about her childhood in therapy, Glasser restricted the discussion to her present life and the world around her.

Pat appeared to revel in her protracted descriptions of her childish behavior toward her husband and wished for Glasser to take on the role of reformer, challenging her behavior. When Glasser failed to comply, she responded with criticisms of his ability and professionalism. And yet, after a year of treatment, their alliance grew. Glasser could point out her irresponsibility and help her become accountable for her life, take charge, and change.

Reality Therapy treatment plan: An example

The following example outlines a successful treatment plan for a client (modified from Wubbolding, 2017):

  • Emi was a 38-year-old flight attendant with increasing anxiety about flying who had also experienced the loss of a partner through a car accident. She was increasingly concerned that her coworkers and passengers may notice her fears, and she recognized her continuing withdrawal from everyday life.

Her subsequent counseling sessions with a Reality Therapist explored four psychological needs, including belonging, inner control, freedom, and fun, and led to specific plans to satisfy those needs (modified from Wubbolding, 2017):

    1. Belonging
      Committing to reengaging with her friends, restarting activities she had put on hold, and visiting her parents more regularly.
    2. Inner control, power, and achievement
      Following through on plans to progress her career with the view that her partner would have been proud of her.
    3. Freedom
      Continuing the breathing exercises that she believed were helping her anxiety.
    4. Fun and enjoyment
      Taking on new educational opportunities related to her job and listening to more music for pleasure.

Planning and following through allowed Emi to regain a sense of control and proved to be an essential part of the Reality Therapy process (Wubbolding, 2017).

8 Popular Techniques and Interventions

Several techniques facilitate the practitioner’s focus on healthy behaviors rather than persistently examining symptoms of mental disorder, including (modified from Wubbolding, 2017):

  1. Sharing yourself
    Engaging in appropriate self-disclosure enhances the counseling process and is a powerful modeling technique to complement the growing relationship.
  2. Listening for metaphors and making use of stories
    Listening for metaphors, such as “I’m down in the dumps” or “I’m being walked all over,” and reusing them in conversation with the client.
  3. Listening for change talk and in-control talk
    Asking open-ended questions that prompt motivational answers and listening carefully for language indicating the desire to change.
  4. Listening for themes
    Helping the client verbalize a series of wants, positive and negative perceptions, and effective and ineffective behaviors to uncover core beliefs.
  5. Allowing or imposing consequences
    Helping clients recognize positive and negative consequences and self-evaluate what is reasonable.
  6. Allowing silence
    Recognizing that silence can be an effective technique for putting the responsibility on the client, especially when the therapist is unclear of an appropriate intervention, allowing time for both the therapist and client to self-evaluate.
  7. Showing empathy
    Attempting to see the world through the eyes of the client. Also, it can be helpful for both parties to see the client as more self-actualizing and successful in the future.
  8. Create anticipation
    Clients become aware that therapy is more than simply talking and that change is possible or even inevitable.

3 Best Exercises and Activities to Try

10 Best Reality Therapy Techniques, Worksheets, & Exercises (3)Help your clients with the following activities.

Understanding the client’s ‘wants’

Our motivation relies on the satisfaction of several basic needs. Therefore, it is crucial in therapy to help the client understand their wants and goals.

Inquiring and reflecting in therapy are valuable techniques for digging deeper into the client’s wants, helping them and the therapist form a more detailed picture on which to base future work.

Use the Understanding Client ‘Wants’ worksheet to guide questioning and reflection to understand better their ‘wants’ either during the session or as homework.

Setting goals

Planning and setting goalsis an integral part of therapy. When working on and agreeing to a plan of action with the client, use the acronym SAMIC3 to consider whether all vital elements have been included (modified from Wubbolding, 2017):

  • Simple – Is the plan uncomplicated and easily understood?
  • Attainable – Is it realistically achievable?
  • Measurable – Is it measurable?
  • Immediate – Can it be carried out as soon as possible?
  • Controlled – Is it (mostly) under the control of the planner?
  • Committed to – Has it been committed to – written down or sealed with a handshake?
  • Consistent – Is the plan consistent throughout in style and approach?

Plans can be revised as required and tracked according to their completion.

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Best group activity: Self-evaluating toxic behaviors

The following activity can be performed with a single client, but it is especially helpful when used in groups, where it is possible to learn from other members’ behavior.

Reality Therapy (and choice therapy, upon which it is founded) aims to “replace ineffective external control ideas with more effective in-control self-talk leading to more satisfying action behavior, that is choice” (Wubbolding, 2017, p. 27).

However, a toxic atmosphere resulting from several different patterns of unhelpful behavior can damage the therapeutic alliance.

Use the Toxic Behaviors in Therapy worksheet as a valuable self-evaluation technique to identify and, where possible, stop damaging behaviors.

Worksheets for Counselors & Therapists

The following therapy worksheets are helpful for Reality Therapists to understand the needs and choices that make up their client’s reality.

Meeting Needs With Reality Therapy

It is important to remember that every human is born with needs, and we are motivated throughout our lives to satisfy them. When our needs are met, we feel good and experience a greater sense of wellbeing (Wubbolding, 2017).

The Meeting Needs With Reality Therapy worksheet helps us understand client needs and what actions could be taken to meet them.

Behavior Self-Evaluation

Self-evaluation is a crucial aspect of Reality Therapy, helping us consider the choices we make and how they affect our lives (Wubbolding, 2017).

The Behavior Self-Evaluation worksheet focuses on a past decision, whether it was helpful, and how we could choose differently in the future.

Expectations Versus Reality

Reality Therapy encourages clients to set realistic goals rather than ones with a high risk of failure (Glasser, 2010).

The Expectations Versus Reality worksheet includes four question groups to help your client set realistic expectations and define achievable goals.

‘Impact on Others’ Self-Evaluation

One vital area of self-reflection involves reflecting on how our behavior affects those around us (Wubbolding, 2017).

The ‘Impact on Others’ Self-Evaluation worksheet considers key aspects of our lives, how we behave in them, and our impacts on others – good or bad.

Considering how we affect others helps both client and therapist form a more complete picture of their reality.

20+ Questions to Ask Your Clients

10 Best Reality Therapy Techniques, Worksheets, & Exercises (4)A crucial aspect of Reality Therapy is understanding the client’s present – their reality – rather than their past (Glasser, 2010).

Wubbolding (2017) extended Reality Therapy by including what became known as the WDEP system, capturing wants, doing, evaluation, and planning, by asking:

(Video) THIS is How the ULTRA WEALTHY People THINK! | Alex Hormozi | Top 10 Rules

  • What do you want?
  • What are you doing?
  • Is it working?
  • What is your plan?

These WDEP questions help the client become aware of their needs and behaviors, the effectiveness of the latter, and how they perceive the world around them.

Become a Reality Therapist: Certifications

There are several opportunities to train and become certified as a reality therapist. We have included three below:

3 Fascinating Books on the Topic

The following therapy books are three of our favorites on Reality Therapy, offering a comprehensive grounding on the techniques involved.

1. Reality Therapy: A New Approach to Psychiatry – William Glasser

10 Best Reality Therapy Techniques, Worksheets, & Exercises (5)

With over 500,000 sales, William Glasser’s book is the definitive reference for Reality Therapy.

In his book, he contrasts his approach to psychotherapy with conventional treatments and provides a practical guide for therapists wishing to adopt his techniques.

Find the book on Amazon.

2. Reality Therapy and Self-Evaluation: The Key to Client Change – Robert Wubbolding

10 Best Reality Therapy Techniques, Worksheets, & Exercises (6)

Robert Wubbolding takes readers on a journey through the core concepts of self-evaluation and the WDEP system of Reality Therapy.

His practical book contains guidance for therapists on building the skills and using the strategies and techniques required to help clients of all ages and from all cultures.

Find the book on Amazon.

3. Treatment Planning From a Reality Therapy Perspective – Michael Fulkerson

10 Best Reality Therapy Techniques, Worksheets, & Exercises (7)

This book provides a primer for therapists wishing to create treatment plans in line with the Reality Therapy perspective.

Michael Fulkerson provides a valuable and practical guide that enables therapists to integrate theory and practice with their clients.

Find the book on Amazon.

Possible Limitations of the Approach

While Reality Therapy is a valuable approach for treating clients, it does have its critics for several reasons, including the following (Nunez, 2021; Glasser, 2010):

(Video) Problem Solving and Action Plans in DBT and CBT

  • Glasser claims that mental illness does not exist.
  • Due to the style of therapy, there is a risk that the therapist imposes their beliefs and values on the client, impacting the goals set and the behavior deemed acceptable.
  • Glasser dismisses medical intervention, yet drugs can have a vital part to play alongside other treatments.
  • Ignoring the unconscious may be dismissing some essential factors involved in decision-making and behavior.
  • Past conflict and trauma are ignored.

Resources From PositivePsychology.com

We have many resources that can be helpful in Reality Therapy for communicating better and understanding current thinking and beliefs.

Our free resources include:

  • The PERMA model
    The PERMA model is a helpful tool for remembering what is important for leading a life with purpose.
  • Active Listening Reflection Worksheet
    This practical worksheet recognizes what is needed for active listening and helps you ensure you are applying the techniques.
  • Reward Replacement Worksheet
    This exercise helps the user target behaviors for change by identifying the negative side effects.

More extensive versions of the following tools are available with a subscription to the Positive Psychology Toolkit©, but they are described briefly below:

  • Mental Contrasting Using the WOOP Method
    The four-step WOOP method enables clients to construct their goals positively and accurately.

Step one – Take slow breaths to relax and visualize a wish that is crucial to you now.
Step two – Visualize the benefit the wish will bring for you.
Step three – Consider what may block your path, including behaviors.
Step four – Write down an if–then plan to tackle obstacles that stand in your way.

  • Analyzing Environmental Strengths
    Strengths are not only individual characteristics but also found in the environment, including friends, families, and colleagues.

Step one – Identify the problem or goal
Step two – Analyze your supportive social network
Step three – Consider how your social network may contribute to the problem or the goal.
Step four – Actively involve the social network

17 Positive Psychology Exercises
If you’re looking for more science-based ways to help others enhance their wellbeing, check out this signature collection of 17 validated positive psychology tools for practitioners. Use them to help others flourish and thrive.

A Take-Home Message

In Reality Therapy, the client is accountable for their behavior. There is no getting out or blaming circumstances or people. Clients’ problems result from an inability to fulfill their needs.

Instead, clients must face reality, become responsible, and correct themselves when they misbehave or perform poorly.

While controversial, especially regarding not accepting the concept of mental illness, Reality Therapy is a practical, results-driven approach, creating plans in line with realistic expectations.

And while Glasser (2010) dismisses medical intervention, Reality Therapy can be seen as a set of tools that can work together with existing approaches. After all, the goal of the approach is to help find more effective ways to meet clients’ needs.

The tools, worksheets, and techniques included will help you apply Reality Therapy techniques in your sessions as a therapist. Try them out, see what works, and find new ways to help your clients make the changes they seek.

We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our three Positive Psychology Exercises for free.

  • American Psychological Association. (n.d.). Reality therapy. In APA dictionary of psychology. Retrieved November 3, 2021, from https://dictionary.apa.org/reality-therapy
  • Fulkerson, M. H. (2015).Treatment planning from a reality therapy perspective.iUniverse.
  • Glasser, W. (2010). Reality therapy: A new approach to psychiatry (rev. ed.). HarperCollins.
  • Nunez, K. (2021, June 17). Reality therapy techniques, benefits, and limitations. Healthline. Retrieved November 3, 2021, from https://www.healthline.com/health/reality-therapy#limitations
  • Wubbolding, R. E. (2017). Reality therapy and self-evaluation: The key to client change. American Counseling Association.

FAQs

What are the 5 basic drives in reality therapy? ›

Choice Theory, which was formulated by psychiatrist Dr. William Glasser, posits that all humans have 5 basic needs (survival, freedom, fun, power, and love/belonging) that we attempt to satisfy through our behavioral choices.

How can I practice reality therapy? ›

Reality Therapy Process and Characteristics
  1. Focus on the present, not the past.
  2. Avoid discussing symptoms.
  3. Focus their energy on changing their thoughts and behavior.
  4. Avoid criticizing, blaming, and/or comparing themselves to others.
  5. Avoid relying on excuses for their behavior, whether they are legitimate or not.
31 Aug 2017

What are the eight steps of reality therapy? ›

  • – Build a good relationship.
  • – Examine the current behavior.
  • – Evaluate behavior-helpful or not?
  • – Brainstorm alternatives.
  • – Commit to new plan.
  • – Evaluate results-no punish/excuses.
  • – Accept logical & natural consequences.
  • – Don't get discouraged.

What are the three R's of reality therapy? ›

Developed by William Glasser in the 1960s, RT differs from conventional psychiatry, psychoanalysis and medical model schools of psychotherapy in that it focuses on what Glasser calls psychiatry's three Rs: realism, responsibility, and right-and-wrong, rather than symptoms of mental disorders.

What are the 5 fundamental needs? ›

Food, water, clothing, sleep, and shelter are the bare necessities for anyone's survival.

What are the key concepts of reality therapy? ›

Reality therapy maintains a “here and now” focus on choice, responsibility, commitment, and willingness to change. The counseling process starts with assessing the clients' relationships and unmet needs, exploring what behaviors they are displaying that either assist or interfere with them meeting their needs.

What is the main focus of reality therapy? ›

Reality therapy is a client-centered form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that focuses on improving present relationships and circumstances, with less concern and discussion of past events.

What are the main tasks of the reality therapist? ›

The main goal of reality therapy is to help the client reconnect with others, including the therapist themselves. Unlike most psychotherapies, reality therapy does not focus much on the past. This is because it is believed that our problems are caused by how inefficient our current relationships with people are.

What do reality therapists believe about the use of questions? ›

What do reality therapist believe about the use of questions? Relevant questions help clients gain insight and arrive at plans and solutions. past successes. to arrange for successful experiences.

Who is the founder of reality therapy? ›

William Glasser first developed the ideas behind reality therapy in the 1950s and 1960s when he formulated the basis of choice theory, which concerns the way human beings choose their own behavior and how these choices can either satisfy or not satisfy basic drives and goals.

What are the benefits of reality therapy? ›

Some of the Benefits of Reality Therapy
  • quality of relationships.
  • self-awareness.
  • self-confidence and acceptance.
  • personal growth.
  • coping skills in dealing with adversity.
  • and more.
8 Feb 2021

What kind of theory is reality therapy? ›

Reality therapy is an approach to psychotherapy that views all behaviors as choices, which means that it doesn't consider mental health conditions. It is based on a concept called choice theory, which says that humans only have five basic needs, all of which are genetically driven and can't be changed.

Is reality therapy evidence based? ›

It isn't considered an evidence-based practice, but there are some studies showing that it may help people struggling with addiction or chronic health issues. One study found group reality therapy helped socially anxious teens improve their symptoms and relationships.

What is the difference between reality therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy? ›

Reality therapy may be considered the “controversial cousin” of CBT. Unlike more conventional forms of therapy, reality therapy specifically focuses on an individual's current state and places less importance on past experiences or the presence of mental health conditions.

What is the process of reality therapy? ›

Overview of the Therapeutic Process

In reality therapy, the therapist might begin the therapeutic process by guiding a person's attention away from past behaviors in order to focus on those that occur in the present. Present needs are what are relevant, as they are the needs that can be satisfied.

What is TA in therapy? ›

Transactional Analysis (TA) is a form of modern psychology that aims to promote personal change as well as growth using a set of conceptual tools. It was developed in the 1960s by Dr. Eric Berne. Transactional analysis can help people reach their fullest potential in all areas of life.

What are the techniques of behavior therapy? ›

Some of the techniques that are most often used with CBT include the following 9 strategies:
  • Cognitive restructuring or reframing. ...
  • Guided discovery. ...
  • Exposure therapy. ...
  • Journaling and thought records. ...
  • Activity scheduling and behavior activation. ...
  • Behavioral experiments. ...
  • Relaxation and stress reduction techniques. ...
  • Role playing.
12 Dec 2019

What are the 3 things all humans need? ›

Human beings have certain basic needs. We must have food, water, air, and shelter to survive. If any one of these basic needs is not met, then humans cannot survive.

What are the 3 psychological needs? ›

According to SDT there are three psychological needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness) that are universally important for psychological wellbeing and autonomous motivation. You can think of these universal needs in the same way you think of physiological needs (e.g. hunger, thirst, sleep).

What are the seven human needs? ›

From the bottom of the hierarchy upwards, the needs are: physiological (food and clothing), safety (job security), love and belonging needs (friendship), esteem, and self-actualization. Needs lower down in the hierarchy must be satisfied before individuals can attend to needs higher up.

What are the weaknesses of reality therapy? ›

According to some experts, the biggest disadvantages of reality therapy come from the overall lack of focus on underlying issues that may be causing a person's troubles, and a general lack of focus on internal states.

Is reality therapy a long term approach? ›

Reality therapy tends to be a long-term approach. Therapeutic contracts are frequently used in reality therapy. Reality therapy is basically active, directive, practical, didactic, cognitive, and behavioral. Choice theory is based on the assumption that people are in charge of their own destiny.

Is reality therapy short term or long term? ›

Reality therapy is a type of behavior therapy that is considered a short-term approach to mental health disorders. It is based on realistic goals and plans for the future and problem-solving skills in the present.

What is the view of human nature in reality therapy? ›

The view of human nature in reality therapy is that all needs are internal and that human beings act on the world purposefully to satisfy their needs and wants. An important element of choice theory is the notion that the brain stores need-satisfying images that serve as a guide to behavior.

What is the chair technique? ›

You sit facing an empty chair. In the chair, you picture a person with whom you are experiencing conflict. Or, you may picture a part of yourself. Then, you speak to the empty chair. You explain your feelings, thoughts, and understanding of the situation.

What do reality therapists think is the underlying problem for most clients? ›

Reality therapists believe the underlying problem for most clients is the same: they are either involved in a present unsatisfying relationship or lack what could even be called a relationship.

How do therapists do reality testing? ›

How can I reality test my reactions?
  1. Try to be objective and analyse the situation from as many points of view as possible.
  2. Consider the possibility that you misinterpreted the situation.
  3. Acknowledge other people's thoughts and feelings. ...
  4. Think first, act later. ...
  5. Try to spot patterns in your emotional reactions.

Which are the 5 basic needs identified by Glasser? ›

Developed by psychiatrist William Glasser, Choice Theory states humans are motivated by a never-ending quest to satisfy 5 basic needs woven into our genes: to love and belong, to be powerful, to be free, to have fun and to survive. Specifically: Survival, belonging, power, freedom, and fun.

When practicing reality therapy What should you do with respect to a client's quality world? ›

When practicing reality therapy, what do you need to do with respect to a client's quality world? ". . . you need to do your best to understand the client's quality world." Act with clients in a way that gives them both hope for, and an experience of, having their basic needs met.

What is the purpose of reasonable consequences in reality therapy? ›

Reasonable Consequences

- Reality therapists do not advocate making excuses and believe that people should be responsible for their actions and therefore experience the consequences. Then in therapy they focus on what the client can choose to do differently next time.

What is reality psychology? ›

In Freudian psychology and psychoanalysis, the reality principle (German: Realitätsprinzip) is the ability of the mind to assess the reality of the external world, and to act upon it accordingly, as opposed to acting on the pleasure principle.

What is the first step in counseling process? ›

Stage one: (Initial disclosure) Relationship building

The counseling process begins with relationship building. This stage focuses on the counselor engaging with the client to explore the issues that directly affect them.

What does ABC model explain? ›

The ABC model is a basic CBT technique. It's a framework that assumes your beliefs about a specific event affect how you react to that event. A therapist may use the ABC model to help you challenge irrational thoughts and cognitive distortions.

What is WDEP? ›

Reality therapy, the delivery methodology, is best summarized as the WDEP (Wants, Doing, Evaluation, and Planning) system. Each letter represents a cluster of interventions. W stands for asking clients what they want from the therapy, from their families, from themselves, and in general from the world around them.

What is total behavior? ›

May 18 2011. The concept of Total Behavior teaches us that behavior has four components: acting, thinking, feeling, and physiology. One component doesn't “cause” the others; they co-exist.

What is an example of an issue that could be treated with reality therapy group? ›

Benefits of Reality Therapy for Mental Health

This approach can be used to treat addictions, eating disorders, substance abuse, phobias, anxiety, and other behavioral and emotional issues. It can also prove useful in treating highly sensitive problems such as racial issues, sexual identity issues, and cultural clashes.

What are the key concepts of reality therapy? ›

Reality therapy maintains a “here and now” focus on choice, responsibility, commitment, and willingness to change. The counseling process starts with assessing the clients' relationships and unmet needs, exploring what behaviors they are displaying that either assist or interfere with them meeting their needs.

What are the main tasks of the reality therapist? ›

The main goal of reality therapy is to help the client reconnect with others, including the therapist themselves. Unlike most psychotherapies, reality therapy does not focus much on the past. This is because it is believed that our problems are caused by how inefficient our current relationships with people are.

What is the WDEP model? ›

Reality therapy is structured around the WDEP system (wants, doing, evaluation, and planning): The reality therapist works with clients to explore their wants and what they are doing to achieve those wants, evaluating whether what they are doing is helpful or harmful to their goals, and finally helping the client plan ...

What is reality based therapy? ›

Reality therapy is an approach to psychotherapy that views all behaviors as choices, which means that it doesn't consider mental health conditions. It is based on a concept called choice theory, which says that humans only have five basic needs, all of which are genetically driven and can't be changed.

What are the weaknesses of reality therapy? ›

According to some experts, the biggest disadvantages of reality therapy come from the overall lack of focus on underlying issues that may be causing a person's troubles, and a general lack of focus on internal states.

What do reality therapists believe about the use of questions? ›

What do reality therapist believe about the use of questions? Relevant questions help clients gain insight and arrive at plans and solutions. past successes. to arrange for successful experiences.

What are the benefits of reality therapy? ›

Benefits of Reality Therapy for Mental Health

It provides individuals with a self-help tool to gain more effective control over their lives and their relationships. In return this gained control helps to boost their confidence and self-esteem as well as enabling them to better cope with adversity and grow personally.

What is the chair technique? ›

You sit facing an empty chair. In the chair, you picture a person with whom you are experiencing conflict. Or, you may picture a part of yourself. Then, you speak to the empty chair. You explain your feelings, thoughts, and understanding of the situation.

What do reality therapists think is the underlying problem for most clients? ›

Reality therapists believe the underlying problem for most clients is the same: they are either involved in a present unsatisfying relationship or lack what could even be called a relationship.

How do therapists do reality testing? ›

How can I reality test my reactions?
  1. Try to be objective and analyse the situation from as many points of view as possible.
  2. Consider the possibility that you misinterpreted the situation.
  3. Acknowledge other people's thoughts and feelings. ...
  4. Think first, act later. ...
  5. Try to spot patterns in your emotional reactions.

What is SAMIC3? ›

Make a plan (SAMIC3**: simple, attainable, measureable, immediate, consistent, client-centered, commited to). A do plan is best.

What is basic ID in Counselling? ›

The multimodal orientation begins with the assumption that therapy must assess seven discrete but interactive modalities (abbreviated by the acronym BASIC ID, which stands for Behavior, Affect, Sensation, Imagery, Cognition, Interpersonal factors, and Drug/Biological considerations).

What is the first step in counseling process? ›

Stage one: (Initial disclosure) Relationship building

The counseling process begins with relationship building. This stage focuses on the counselor engaging with the client to explore the issues that directly affect them.

What kind of therapy is reality therapy? ›

Reality therapy is a client-centered form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that focuses on improving present relationships and circumstances, with less concern and discussion of past events.

Is reality therapy a type of CBT? ›

Reality therapy may be considered the “controversial cousin” of CBT. Unlike more conventional forms of therapy, reality therapy specifically focuses on an individual's current state and places less importance on past experiences or the presence of mental health conditions.

What is Glasser's reality therapy? ›

Glasser believed that when someone chooses to change their own behavior rather than attempting to change someone else's, they will be more successful at attaining their own goals and desires.

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Hobby: Rafting, Cabaret, Candle making, Jigsaw puzzles, Inline skating, Magic, Graffiti

Introduction: My name is Patricia Veum II, I am a vast, combative, smiling, famous, inexpensive, zealous, sparkling person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.