Positive and negative effects of television (2022)

Managing the media

Children learn not only through real life experience, but vicariously through media exposure which defines our culture and shapes our norms. Exposure to television programming and video streaming profoundly affects how children view their world. Leah Davies advises us to take control.

Negative effects

Adults who care about children developing positive life skills need to be aware of the various messages and ideals being conveyed to children through a variety of media.

As early as 1984, the American Academy of Pediatrics cautioned adults concerning the potential of television viewing to promote violence, obesity, sexual activity, drug use, and ethnic stereotyping. The Academy’s Policy Statement in 1995 confirmed that frequent viewers become desensitized to violence and believe that violence is a justifiable response to problems, and that television viewing is related to obesity and lower academic performance.

According to the Academy, by age eighteen the average American teenager will have spent more time watching television than learning in the classroom. In addition, they will have seen an estimated 360,000 advertisements that are often misleading and exploitative.

Negative messages

The following are some negative messages being transmitted to children via television programming and commercials:

– Be selfish, not generous or cooperative
– Be insensitive rather than empathic
– Show contempt rather than respect for adults
– Expect instant gratification instead of being patient
– Value things instead of relationships with others

– Be aggressive rather than using self-control
– Use violence instead of negotiating a solution
– Feel anxious and fearful, not safe and secure

– Use profanity instead of decent language
– Be abusive rather than caring
– Be promiscuous, not chaste

– Use drugs without regard to risks instead of saying no to harmful substances
– Eat junk food, not healthy food
– Take pills to feel better rather than taking responsibility to be fit

Through constant, unsupervised media exposure children are being socialized to be self-centered, unthinking, dissatisfied, impulsive, disrespectful, sexualized, violent, scared and alienated.

Taking control

How can we counteract the harmful messages bombarding children and help them become caring, productive citizens?

Positive and negative effects of television (1)1.Be a critical viewer

Teach children to be critical viewers of television programming. Help them discriminate between fantasy and reality and between valuable and unworthy television content. Ask them to name programs they frequently view. From the list pick a program that is targeted for their age and notify parents of your intent. So that each child experiences the same program, you may want to view it together. Have the children write down or list together what they observe. For example: number of violent acts, scenes where drugs are used, gender, racial, or cultural stereotyping, unrealistic events,reckless behavior,sexual innuendo and the number of commercials.

(Video) Positive and Negative Effects of Television on Children

If feasible, have them record the screen time of each incident. Compile the information and discuss it.

Help children create a program evaluation scale (perhaps a 1 to 5 point scale from worthless 1, positive entertainment 3, educational 5). Have them keep a television viewing diary for a night or a week using their scale to evaluate each program. After reporting on their findings, discuss what was learned and any viewing changes they plan to make. For future reference, you may want to have the children make of list of worthwhile activities they could do rather than watch television.

2.Spot the advertisement

Help children distinguish between ads and programs, and increase their awareness of deceptive television commercials by asking:

“Is it sometimes hard to tell the difference between an ad and the program? Why is this the case?” (The ad often relates to persons or items featured in children’s programs.)

“What is the goal of advertising?”
To sell products or services; to make a profit.

“How do they sell products?”
Make the commercials as exciting, thrilling and enticing as possible by playing to the viewers longings and emotions; to manipulate the viewer into being dissatisfied.

“How many of you have ordered or purchased an item advertised on television? How many of you were disappointed with the item?”

Have students note when a program stops and an ad begins. Also have them analyze an advertisement of their choice and report their findings.

Positive and negative effects of television (2)3.Think about food and drink ads

Encourage children to be critical of food commercials which appear on television. Have them name food items they have seen advertised. Then have them view a food commercial together, and answer the following questions:

“What is the name of the item?”

“What did the ad say about the product?”

(Video) The Harmful Effects of Watching Television

“What nutritional information was given about the product?”

“How did the ad make you feel?

Discuss the findings. Have children bring in empty cereal boxes and compare the food labels as to the fat, carbohydrate, sugar, protein and fiber content.

“Which ones are best for your body and why?” Compare the packaging. “Does the package appeal to children? If so, in what way?”

Then compare the packaging of a generic brand to an advertised brand. If possible, do a blindfolded taste test.

To encourage healthy eating habits ask children to keep a food diary of everything they consume in a day or week. Using the Food Guide Pyramid or another viable source, have them judge their eating choices.

4. Spot hidden messages about alcohol and tobacco

Ask children to name brands of beer and cigarettes. Put the list on the board. Lead a discussion on alcohol by asking:

“What do television commercials tell you about alcohol?”

Drinking alcohol is fun, everyone does it, makes you feel a part of the crowd, attracts beautiful girls.

“Is there any mention of the negative consequences of drinking alcohol? Are there any? What are they?”
Drunk driving accidents, loose inhibitions, feel out of control, taken advantage of, get sick, possible addiction or death.

Positive and negative effects of television (3)Discuss tobacco products by asking:

“What messages do movie actors and billboards at sporting events on television communicate about tobacco use?”

(Video) The Positive and Negative Impact of TV on Young People

Smoking makes you look “cool,” a way to show independence, feel tough, look sophisticated.

“Is there any mention of the negative consequences of using tobacco? Are there any? What are they?”
Addictive, expensive, shortness of breath, increase chances of cancer and other health problems.

Have students work in small groups to create their own alcohol and/or tobacco commercials which demonstrate the harmful consequences from using these drugs. Videotape the groups. The students may want to perform their “plays” for parents, peers or younger children.

5. Associations with music

Pick a music video that is appropriate for the children’s age. Watch it together. The following questions may be asked:

“Did what you see match the meaning of the song?”

“Did you see any violent behavior?”

“Did you see any tobacco, alcohol or other drug use?”

“Was there any sexual content?”

“How did the video make you feel?”

“What messages were conveyed?”

“Did the producers have the well-being of children in mind when they created the music video?”

“What is the goal of the writer and special effects person?”

(Video) Bad effects of watching television Essay // Effects of watching television// English Essay Writing

After the discussion, turn the sound off and watch it again.

“What did you observe?”

“What could be the results from watching countless music videos?”

Put the list on the board.

6.Taking action

Get children and parents involved. Ask students what they would like to do to counteract the harmful messages conveyed through some television programming. They may want to target one program or one station by boycotting the products advertised. Write letters or email broadcasters, government officials, or television personalities stating their displeasure. Talk to parents and other groups about the harmful effects of some television content.

Have the children, school counselor, or librarian present a program on television viewing at a parent-teacher meeting and/or put the information in a school newsletter.

Copy and use the article titled, “Too Much Violence on TV? What Can You do?“, located under:

Parent Tips at www.kellybear.com /ParentsFrame.html.

Help parents become aware of the harmful effects of unsupervised television exposure and elicit their cooperation in monitoring ALL media.

By Leah Davies, M.Ed.

Positive and negative effects of television (5)Leah Davies received her Master’s Degree from the Department of Counseling and Counseling Psychology, Auburn University. Her professional experience of over 44 years includes teaching, counseling, consulting, instructing at Auburn University, and directing educational and prevention services at a mental health agency.

(Video) How TV Affects the Brains of Young Children

See more from Leah at her Kelly Bear resources websitehttp://www.kellybear.com/

This article is used by permission.

Feature Image: mojzagrebinfo – Pixabay


What are the positive and negative effects of TV? ›

Some positive effects are: it enhances learning skills and recognize emotions; and the negative effects are it leads to violence, behave aggressively and lastly, it leads to emotional problems.

What are the negative effects of television? ›

What are the harmful aspects of TV?
  • TV displaces active types of recreation. ...
  • TV interferes with conversation and discussion time. ...
  • TV discourages reading. ...
  • Heavy TV viewing (more than 4 hours a day) definitely reduces school performance. ...
  • TV discourages exercise. ...
  • TV advertising encourages a demand for material possessions.

What are the negative effects of television on society? ›

These effects include obesity, language delays, and learning disabilities. Physical inactivity while viewing TV reduces necessary exercise and leads to over-eating. Language delays occur when a child doesn't interact with others. Children learn language best from live interaction with parents or other individuals.

What are two positive effects of television? ›

Television can teach kids important values and life lessons. Educational programming can develop young children's socialization and learning skills. News, current events and historical programming can help make young people more aware of other cultures and people.

Is watching television good or bad? ›

Watching too much television is not good for your health. Studies have shown that there is a correlation between watching television and obesity. Excessive TV watching (more than 3 hours a day) can also contribute to sleep difficulties, behavior problems, lower grades, and other health issues.

What is the positive effect of television on family life? ›

In conclusion, television gives positive and negative effects. It could be entertaining, educative, and informative to people, which are the three positive effects, as well as increase the value of family life and sense of community.

Is TV positive or negative to modern society? ›

Television today has a lot of positive effects and influences on our society and our American culture. Television gives us helpful information, various forms of education, and entertainment which are all a part of the positive effects that television has on our society.

What is the negative impact of television on children? ›

Research has demonstrated the association between television viewing and four areas: (1) children's aggressive behavior; (2) racial and sex-role stereotypes; (3) decreased interest in reading and school activities; and (4) poorer health habits and attitudes.

What are the 10 advantages of television? ›

The 13 Benefits of Watching TV
  • Educational. TV has many educational benefits for children and adults. ...
  • Stay Current. TV is a source of news. ...
  • Get Cultured. TV can provide a cheap escape instead of travelling. ...
  • Crazy Fandoms are Fun. ...
  • Feel the Connection. ...
  • Family Bonding. ...
  • Learn a Language. ...
  • Mental Health.
Oct 11, 2019

What are the positive and negative effects of Internet? ›

Positive and Negative Effects of Internet
  • Introduction. Internet is a global network of interconnected networks of computers. ...
  • Easy to carry out a research. ...
  • Makes communication faster. ...
  • A good opportunity to earn income. ...
  • Quick business transactions. ...
  • Causes addiction in people. ...
  • Obesity. ...
  • Lack of the human touch.

What is the positive effect of television on family life? ›

In conclusion, television gives positive and negative effects. It could be entertaining, educative, and informative to people, which are the three positive effects, as well as increase the value of family life and sense of community.

What are the positive effects of news from a TV station? ›

Advantages of TV News
  • TV makes you a witness to important events in real time.
  • It can be a powerful tool for verification.
  • It gives you personal storytelling: a strong connection to people in the news.
  • It can create a shared national experience (Think Man on the Moon, Newtown shooting, Marathon bombing)


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